In 1993, a new building of the Nissan Institute was constructed in the precincts of St Antony’s College, in which the Bodley’s extensive holdings on Japan were transferred. Combining with the collection of the Nissan Institute Library, the Bodleian Japanese Library was created and opened to readers as the University's principal collections relating to Japan. In 2016, Japanese holdings of the Oriental Institute Library were transferred to BJL.
It is an open-access library, with seating space for forty-two users at any one time. It consists of the Main Reading Room and offices on the ground floor, the Bookstack, the New Media Room, and the Rare Book Room in the basement. The main collection is in the Bookstack, while the reference works are arranged by subject on the perimeter shelves in the Main Reading Room.