New Eyes on Evidence from NICE

This month in Eyes on Evidence
 
Adenotonsillectomy in children with obstructive sleep apnoea

A randomised controlled trial in the USA finds that adenotonsillectomy does not improve cognitive function in children with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, although it does have a beneficial effect on symptoms of sleep apnoea. 

Ibuprofen compared with indometacin for patent ductus arteriosus

A Cochrane review reports that ibuprofen is as effective as indometacin for closure of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm or low-birthweight babies, and is associated with a lower risk of necrotising enterocolitis, reduced time on assisted ventilation and a lower risk of negative effects on renal function. 
 
Gallbladder removal with or without bile duct imaging

A retrospective cohort study of US data raises caution about interpreting the benefits of using bile duct imaging during gallbladder removal. 

Collaborative care for depression

A cluster randomised controlled trial in English general practices suggests that collaborative care delivered by mental health workers acting as care managers is more effective at reducing depression than usual care. 

End-of-life preferences of people with terminal illness who live alone

An Australian cohort study finds that around half of people with terminal illness who live alone would prefer to die at home, but only a small proportion manage to do so. 
 
Evidence Updates

 NICE has recently published Evidence Updates on:

  • Venous thromboembolic diseases
  • Interventions to reduce substance misuse among vulnerable young people
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