Oxford graduates were not only to be found in the British armed services. The German expressionist poet Ernst Stadler (1883–1914) was one of more than fifty German Rhodes scholars who fought in the German army in the First World War.
He was born in Alsace, which had been part of the German Empire since 1871 but was to be returned to France after the war. When war was declared Stadler was about to take up a professorship in Toronto, but instead, as a lieutenant in the reserve, he was called up to serve with the 80th Field Artillery Regiment in his native Colmar. On 30 October 1914 he was killed by a British shell at Zandvoorde.